Database hosting is where a server that stores and manages databases is located
off site at a hosting company. The hosting company provides access to the Internet
and leases the use of the database hosting server.
Database Hosting Expertise
The Internet has substantially increased the demand for database hosting as more
companies look to make their databases available to customers, vendors and employees.
This also requires that the database be available 24/7 so the choice of database
hosting provider is critical as well. Unfortunately trying to find a database hosting
provider that is qualified is difficult.
Critical Database Hosting Issues
It is very important you get the database server configured correctly the first
time. This configuration will determine how well the database performs, how secure
the data remains, how easy it will be to increase the throughput, and how easy it
will be to back-up. To achieve this, your database hosting provider must be familiar
with the requirements of your database program. Many hosting providers are familiar
with web hosting, but have little experience with database hosting, particularly
in complex clusters. A database is much more dynamic than a web site and the security
of the data is much more important, so your database hosting provider must be technically
There can be great value to having a database available on the Internet, but only
if your database hosting provider can properly configure and maintain it.
Complete database management involves both a computer program that allows multiple
users to utilize a database simultaneously and technical resources to configure
and maintain the database server.
Database Management System
The computer program that provides database management is typically called a database
management system. A database management system allows multiple users to access
and modify the data in a database. The database management system keeps track of
where the data is physically located on the storage media, who has security clearance
to access or modify it, how to grant simultaneous access, and what relationships
have been established within the data. There are numerous database management systems
from which to choose, including Oracle, MySQL, MS SQL, PostgreSQL, DB2, and Sybase
programs. Database management systems are typically designed to work with a specific
operating system, such as Linux and UNIX or Windows.
Database Management Issues
Database management also requires skilled technical resources to configure and maintain
the database server on which the database resides. This requirement of database
management is often overlooked by companies to their detriment. This management
must be provided, whether by internal IT resources, a database management provider,
or a hosting company with database expertise. It is expensive to develop a database
and that investment can be wasted without the proper maintenance. A database is
very dynamic and without database management the performance of the database will
degrade overtime. It also is important to configure the database server correctly
at the start to achieve peak performance, allow for easy scalability, simplify backups
and permit efficient database management.